Congress created Temporary Protected Status (TPS) in the Immigration Act of 1990 for people who could not return to their countries due to a political or environmental catastrophe. The Trump Administration has been terminating TPS designations for several countries, and recently announced termination dates for Honduras and Nepal. Deferred Enforced Departure (DED) is similar to TPS but it derives from the President's constitutional powers to conduct foreign relations. The President designates DED for nationals of a particular country through an Executive Order or a Presidential Memorandum. As of August 2017, Liberia was the only country with DED designation. On March 27, 2018, the President issued a memorandum, directing the Secretary of Homeland Security to implement a 12-month DED wind-down period. DED for Liberians ends on March 31, 2019. These terminations have impacted thousands of immigrants in our communities. We want to alert you to TPS and DED resources available through the Immigration Advocates Network, our partners and other advocates.
On Immigration Advocates Network:
- A flowchart on "Temporary Protected Status - What do I do now?" by Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. (CLINIC) at https://www.immigrationadvocates.org/link.cfm?27910
- A report on "Rebuilding from Rubble: Why TPS is Needed for Nepal," by CLINIC at https://www.immigrationadvocates.org/link.cfm?27909
- "Federal Register Notice: End of Deferred Enforced Departure (DED) for Liberia," at https://www.immigrationadvocates.org/link.cfm?27914
- A "TPS Infographic," by the Immigrant Legal Resource Center (ILRC) at https://www.immigrationadvocates.org/link.cfm?27911
- A "Complaint Alleging Haiti TPS Termination is Unlawful," by the National Immigration Project of the National Lawyers Guild (NIPNLG) at https://www.immigrationadvocates.org/link.cfm?27907
- Updated plain language community education articles in English and Spanish, including an article on TPS, at https://www.immi.org/info/LearningCenter.
American Immigration Council (AIC)
The AIC offers updates on TPS, including practice advisories, factsheets, and litigation updates at https://www.americanimmigrationcouncil.org/topics/temporary-protected-status
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. (CLINIC)
CLINIC offers a variety of resources on TPS at https://cliniclegal.org/tps
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
USCIS has a page on TPS with a chart of designations and deadlines at https://www.uscis.gov/humanitarian/temporary-protected-status and information on DED at https://www.uscis.gov/humanitarian/temporary-protected-status/deferred-enforced-departure
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